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Components:
Tinidazole
Method of action:
Antiprotozoal
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Medically reviewed by Kovalenko Svetlana Olegovna, PharmD. Last updated on 2019.12.12

Name of the medicinal product

Ladylen Duo

Qualitative and quantitative composition

Tinidazole

Therapeutic indications

The information provided in Therapeutic indications of Ladylen Duo is based on data of another medicine with exactly the same composition as the Ladylen Duo of the medicine (Tinidazole). Be careful and be sure to specify the information on the section Therapeutic indications in the instructions to the drug Ladylen Duo directly from the package or from the pharmacist at the pharmacy.
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Treatment of the following infections:

1. Eradication of Helicobacter pylori associated with duodenal ulcers, in the presence of antibiotic and acid suppressant therapy.

2. Anaerobic infections such as:

Intraperitoneal infections: peritonitis, abscess.

Gynaecological infections: endometritis, endomyometritis, tube-ovarian abscess.

Bacterial septicaemia.

Post-operative wound infections.

Skin and soft tissue infections.

Upper and lower respiratory tract infections: pneumonia, empyema, lung abscess.

3. Non-specific vaginitis.

4. Acute ulcerative gingivitis.

5. Urogenital trichomoniasis in both male and female patients.

6. Giardiasis.

7. Intestinal amoebiasis.

8. Amoebic involvement of the liver.

9. Prophylaxis: The prevention of post-operative infections caused by anaerobic bacteria, especially those associated with colonic, gastro-intestinal and gynaecological surgery.

Dosage (Posology) and method of administration

The information provided in Dosage (Posology) and method of administration of Ladylen Duo is based on data of another medicine with exactly the same composition as the Ladylen Duo of the medicine (Tinidazole). Be careful and be sure to specify the information on the section Dosage (Posology) and method of administration in the instructions to the drug Ladylen Duo directly from the package or from the pharmacist at the pharmacy.
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Route: Oral administration during or after a meal.

Posology

Eradication of H. pylori associated with duodenal ulcers:

Adults: the usual dose of Ladylen Duo is 500mg twice daily coadministered with omeprazole 20mg twice daily and clarithromycin 250mg twice daily for 7 days.

Clinical studies using this 7 day regimen have shown similar H. pylori eradication rates when omeprazole 20mg once daily was used. For further information on the dosage for omeprazole see Astra data sheet.

Anaerobic infections:

Adults: an initial dose of 2g the first day followed by 1g daily given as a single dose or as 500mg twice daily. Treatment for 5 to 6 days will generally be adequate but clinical judgement must be used in determining the duration of therapy, particularly when eradication of infection from certain sites may be difficult. Routine clinical and laboratory observation is recommended if it is considered necessary to continue therapy for more than 7 days.

Children: < 12 years - there is no data available.

Non-specific vaginitis:

Adults: non-specific vaginitis has been successfully treated with a single oral dose of 2g. Higher cure rates have been achieved with 2g single doses on 2 consecutive days (total dose 4g).

Acute Ulcerative Gingivitis:

Adults: a single oral dose of 2g.

Urogenital trichomoniasis:

(when infection with Trichomonas vaginalis is confirmed, simultaneous treatment of the consort is recommended).

Adults: a single dose of 2g.

Children: a single dose of 50 to 75mg/kg of body weight. It may be necessary to repeat this dose.

Giardiasis:

Adults: a single dose of 2g.

Children: a single dose of 50 to 75mg/kg of body weight. It may be necessary to repeat this dose.

Intestinal Amoebiasis:

Adults: a single daily dose of 2g for 2 to 3 days.

Children: a single daily dose of 50 to 60mg/kg of body weight on each of 3 successive days.

Amoebic involvement in the liver:

Adults: total dosage varies from 4.5 to 12g, depending on the virulence of the Entamoeba histolytica.

For amoebic involvement of the liver, the aspiration of pus may be required in addition to therapy with Ladylen Duo.

Initiate treatment with 1.5 to 2g as a single oral daily dose for three days. Occasionally when a three day course is ineffective, treatment may be continued for up to six days.

Children: a single dose of 50 to 60 mg/kg of body weight per day for five successive days.

Use in Renal impairment

Dosage adjustments in patients with impaired renal function are generally not necessary. However, because tinidazole is easily removed by haemodialysis, patients may require additional doses of tinidazole to compensate.

Prevention of post-operative infection:

Adults: a single dose of 2g approximately 12 hours before surgery.

Children: < 12 years - there is no data available.

It is recommended that tinidazole be taken during or after a meal.

Use in the elderly: there are no special recommendations for this age group.

Method of administration

Oral administration. Swallow tablets whole with a glass of water during or after a meal.

Contraindications

The information provided in Contraindications of Ladylen Duo is based on data of another medicine with exactly the same composition as the Ladylen Duo of the medicine (Tinidazole). Be careful and be sure to specify the information on the section Contraindications in the instructions to the drug Ladylen Duo directly from the package or from the pharmacist at the pharmacy.
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As with other drugs of similar structure, tinidazole is contraindicated in patients having, or with a history of, blood dyscrasia, although no persistent haematological abnormalities have been noted in clinical or animal studies.

Tinidazole should be avoided in patients with organic neurological disorders.

Tinidazole, other 5-nitroimidazole derivatives or any of the components of this product should not be administered to patients with known hypersensitivity to the drug.

Use of tinidazole is contraindicated during the first trimester of pregnancy and in nursing mothers.

Special warnings and precautions for use

The information provided in Special warnings and precautions for use of Ladylen Duo is based on data of another medicine with exactly the same composition as the Ladylen Duo of the medicine (Tinidazole). Be careful and be sure to specify the information on the section Special warnings and precautions for use in the instructions to the drug Ladylen Duo directly from the package or from the pharmacist at the pharmacy.
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As with related compounds, alcoholic beverages should be avoided during Ladylen Duo therapy because of the possibility of a disulfiram-like reaction (flushing, abdominal cramps, vomiting, tachycardia). Alcohol should be avoided until 72 hours after discontinuing Ladylen Duo.

Drugs of similar chemical structure have also produced various neurological disturbances such as dizziness, vertigo, incoordination and ataxia. If during therapy with Ladylen Duo abnormal neurological signs develop, therapy should be discontinued.

Carcinogenicity has been seen in mice and rats treated chronically with metronidazole, another nitroimidazole agent. Although carcinogenicity data is not available for tinidazole, the two drugs are structurally related and therefore there is a potential for similar biologic effects. Mutagenicity results with tinidazole were mixed (positive and negative). The use of tinidazole for longer treatment than usually required should be carefully considered.

Effects on ability to drive and use machines

The information provided in Effects on ability to drive and use machines of Ladylen Duo is based on data of another medicine with exactly the same composition as the Ladylen Duo of the medicine (Tinidazole). Be careful and be sure to specify the information on the section Effects on ability to drive and use machines in the instructions to the drug Ladylen Duo directly from the package or from the pharmacist at the pharmacy.
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No special precautions should be necessary. However, drugs of similar chemical structure, including Ladylen Duo, have been associated with various neurological disturbances such as dizziness, vertigo, ataxia, peripheral neuropathy (paraesthesia, sensory disturbances, hypoaesthesia) and rarely convulsions. If any abnormal neurological signs develop during Ladylen Duo therapy, the drug should be discontinued.

Undesirable effects

The information provided in Undesirable effects of Ladylen Duo is based on data of another medicine with exactly the same composition as the Ladylen Duo of the medicine (Tinidazole). Be careful and be sure to specify the information on the section Undesirable effects in the instructions to the drug Ladylen Duo directly from the package or from the pharmacist at the pharmacy.
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Reported side effects have generally been infrequent, mild and self-limiting.

The reported undesirable effects are listed below according to MedDRA system organ class classification and frequency. Within each frequency category, the ADRs are presented in the order of clinical importance. Frequency categories are expressed as: very common (>1/10); common (>1/100 to <1/10); uncommon (>1/1,000 to <1/100); rare (>1/10,000 to <1/1,000); very rare (<1/10,000); not known (the frequency cannot be estimated from the available data).

System Organ Class

Common

Not known

Blood and the lymphatic system disorders

Leukopenia

Immune system disorders

Drug hypersensitivity

Metabolism and nutrition disorders

Decreased appetite

Nervous system disorders

Headache

Convulsions

Neuropathy peripheral

Paraesthesia

Hypoaesthesia

Sensory disturbances

Ataxia

Dizziness

Dysgeusia

Ear and labyrinth disorders

Vertigo

Vascular disorders

Flushing

Gastrointestinal disorders

Vomiting

Diarrhoea

Nausea

Abdominal pain

Glossitis

Stomatitus

Tongue discolouration

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders

Dermatitis allergic

Pruritis

Angioedema

Urticaria

Renal and urinary disorders

Chromaturia

General disorders and administration site conditions

Pyrexia

Fatigue

Reporting of suspected adverse reactions

Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via the Yellow Card Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard

Overdose

The information provided in Overdose of Ladylen Duo is based on data of another medicine with exactly the same composition as the Ladylen Duo of the medicine (Tinidazole). Be careful and be sure to specify the information on the section Overdose in the instructions to the drug Ladylen Duo directly from the package or from the pharmacist at the pharmacy.
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In acute animal studies with mice and rats, the LD50 for mice was >3600mg/kg and >2300mg/kg for oral and intraperitoneal administration respectively. For rats, the LD50 was >2000mg/kg for both oral and intraperitoneal administration.

Signs and symptoms of overdosage: There are no reported overdoses in humans with Ladylen Duo.

Treatment for overdosage: There is no specific antidote for treatment of overdosage with tinidazole. Treatment is symptomatic and supportive. Gastric lavage may be useful. Tinidazole is easily dialysable.

Pharmacodynamic properties

The information provided in Pharmacodynamic properties of Ladylen Duo is based on data of another medicine with exactly the same composition as the Ladylen Duo of the medicine (Tinidazole). Be careful and be sure to specify the information on the section Pharmacodynamic properties in the instructions to the drug Ladylen Duo directly from the package or from the pharmacist at the pharmacy.
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Pharmacotherapeutic group: Antiinfectives for systemic use

ATC code: J 01XD02

Ladylen Duo is active against both protozoa and obligate anaerobic bacteria. The activity against protozoa involves Trichomonas vaginalis, Entamoeba histolytica and Giardia lamblia.

The mode of action of Ladylen Duo against anaerobic bacteria and protozoa involves penetration of the drug into the cell of the micro-organism and subsequent damage of DNA strands or inhibition of their synthesis.

Ladylen Duo is active against Helicobacter pylori, Gardnerella vaginalis and most anaerobic bacteria including Bacteroides fragilis, Bacteroides melaninogenicus, Bacteroides spp., Clostridium spp., Eubacterium spp., Fusobacterium spp., Peptococcus spp., Peptostreptococcus spp. and Veillonella spp.

Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) is associated with acid peptic disease including duodenal ulcer and gastric ulcer in which about 95% and 80% of patients respectively are infected with this agent. H.pylori is also implicated as a major contributing factor in the development of gastritis and ulcer recurrence in such patients. Evidence suggests a causative link between H.pylori and gastric carcinoma.

Clinical evidence has shown that the combination of Ladylen Duo with omeprazole and clarithromycin eradicates 91-96% of H.pylori isolates.

Various different H.pylori eradication regimens have shown that eradication of H.pylori heals duodenal ulcers and reduces the risk of ulcer recurrence.

Pharmacokinetic properties

The information provided in Pharmacokinetic properties of Ladylen Duo is based on data of another medicine with exactly the same composition as the Ladylen Duo of the medicine (Tinidazole). Be careful and be sure to specify the information on the section Pharmacokinetic properties in the instructions to the drug Ladylen Duo directly from the package or from the pharmacist at the pharmacy.
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Ladylen Duo is rapidly and completely absorbed following oral administration. In studies with healthy volunteers receiving 2g tinidazole orally, peak serum levels of 40-51 micrograms/ml were achieved within two hours and decreased to between 11-19 micrograms/ml at 24 hours. Healthy volunteers who received 800mg and 1.6g tinidazole IV over 10-15 minutes achieved peak plasma concentrations that ranged from 14 to 21mcg/ml for the 800mg dose and averaged 32mcg/ml for the 1.6g dose. At 24 hours postinfusion, plasma levels of tinidazole decreased to 4-5mcg/ml and 8.6mcg/ml respectively, justifying once daily dosing. Plasma levels decline slowly and tinidazole can be detected in plasma at concentrations of up to 1 microgram/ml at 72 hours after oral administration. The plasma elimination half-life for tinidazole is between 12-14 hours.

Tinidazole is widely distributed in all body tissues and also crosses the blood brain barrier, obtaining clinically effective concentrations in all tissues. The apparent volume of distribution is about 50 litres. About 12% of plasma tinidazole is bound to plasma protein.

Tinidazole is excreted by the liver and kidneys. Studies in healthy patients have shown that over 5 days, 60-65% of an administered dose is excreted by the kidneys with 20-25% of the administered dose excreted as unchanged tinidazole. Up to 5% of the administered dose is excreted in the faeces.

Studies in patients with renal failure (creatinine clearance <22ml/min) indicate that there is no statistically significant change in tinidazole pharmacokinetic parameters in these patients,.

Pharmacotherapeutic group

The information provided in Pharmacotherapeutic group of Ladylen Duo is based on data of another medicine with exactly the same composition as the Ladylen Duo of the medicine (Tinidazole). Be careful and be sure to specify the information on the section Pharmacotherapeutic group in the instructions to the drug Ladylen Duo directly from the package or from the pharmacist at the pharmacy.
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Antiinfectives for systemic use

Preclinical safety data

The information provided in Preclinical safety data of Ladylen Duo is based on data of another medicine with exactly the same composition as the Ladylen Duo of the medicine (Tinidazole). Be careful and be sure to specify the information on the section Preclinical safety data in the instructions to the drug Ladylen Duo directly from the package or from the pharmacist at the pharmacy.
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Tinidazole has been shown to be mutagenic in some bacterial strains tested in vitro (with and without metabolic activation). Tinidazole was negative for mutagenicity in a mammalian cell culture system utilising Chinese hamster lung V79 cells (HGPRT test system) and negative for genotoxicity in the Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) sister chromatid exchange assay. Tinidazole was positive for in vivo genotoxicity in the mouse micronucleus assay.

Incompatibilities

The information provided in Incompatibilities of Ladylen Duo is based on data of another medicine with exactly the same composition as the Ladylen Duo of the medicine (Tinidazole). Be careful and be sure to specify the information on the section Incompatibilities in the instructions to the drug Ladylen Duo directly from the package or from the pharmacist at the pharmacy.
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Not applicable.

Special precautions for disposal and other handling

The information provided in Special precautions for disposal and other handling of Ladylen Duo is based on data of another medicine with exactly the same composition as the Ladylen Duo of the medicine (Tinidazole). Be careful and be sure to specify the information on the section Special precautions for disposal and other handling in the instructions to the drug Ladylen Duo directly from the package or from the pharmacist at the pharmacy.
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Any unused medicinal product or waste material should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements.

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