Treatment of symptoms resulting from the reflux of acid, bile and pepsin into the oesophagus such as acid regurgitation, heartburn and indigestion, for example following meals or during pregnancy, and for symptoms of excess stomach acid (hyperacidity). Can also be used to treat the symptoms of gastro-oesophageal reflux during concomitant treatment with or following withdrawal of acid suppressing therapy.
For oral administration.
Adults and children 12 years and over: 10-20 ml after meals and at bedtime, up to four times per day.
Children under 12 years: Should be given only on medical advice.
Elderly: No dose modifications necessary for this age group.
This product should not be used in patients with moderate or severe renal insufficiency
Each 20 ml dose has a sodium content of 254.5 mg (11.06 mmol). This should be taken into account when a highly restricted salt diet is recommended, e.g. in some cases of congestive cardiac failure and renal impairment.
Each 20 ml contains 260mg (6.5 mmol) of calcium. Care needs to be taken in treating patients with hypercalcaemia, nephrocalcinosis and recurrent calcium containing renal calculi.
Treatment of children younger than 12 years of age is not generally recommended, except on medical advice.
If symptoms persist, or treatment is required for more than seven days continuously, medical advice should be sought.
As with other antacid products, taking this product can mask the symptoms of other more serious, underlying medical conditions.
Contains methyl parahydroxybenzoate (E218) and propyl parahydroxybenzoate (E216) which may cause allergic reactions (possibly delayed).
This product has no or negligible influence on the ability to drive and use machines.
Adverse events which have been associated with sodium alginate, sodium bicarbonate and calcium carbonate are given below, tabulated by system organ class and frequency. Frequencies are defined as: Very common (>1/10); Common (>1/100 and <1/10); Uncommon (>1/1000 and <1/100); Rare (>1/10,000 and <1/1000); Very rare (< 1/10,000); Not known (cannot be estimated from the available data). Within each frequency grouping, adverse events are presented in order of decreasing seriousness.
System Organ Class
Immune System Disorders
Anaphylactic reaction, anaphylactoid reaction. Hypersensitivity reactions such as urticaria.
Metabolism and Nutritional Disorders
Alkalosis1, acid rebound1, Hypercalcaemia1, Milk-alkali Syndrome1
Respiratory, Thoracic and Mediastinal Disorders
Respiratory effects such as bronchospasm.
Description of Selected Adverse Reactions
1 Usually occurs following larger than recommended dosages.
Reporting of Suspected Adverse Reactions
Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions via the Yellow Card Scheme at: http://www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard
Symptoms are likely to be minor in acute overdose; some abdominal distension may be noticed. Milk-alkali syndrome has occurred in individuals taking large doses of calcium carbonate per day for prolonged periods.
In the event of overdosage symptomatic treatment should be given.
Pharmacotherapeutic classification: A02BX, other drugs for peptic ulcer and gastro-oesophageal reflux disease.
The medicinal product is a combination of two antacids (calcium carbonate and sodium bicarbonate) and an alginate.
On ingestion, the medicinal product reacts rapidly with gastric acid to form a raft of alginic acid gel having a near neutral pH and studies have shown that the raft interacts with and caps the acid pocket in the stomach, reducing oesophageal acid exposure. The raft floats on the stomach contents effectively impeding gastro-oesophageal reflux, for up to 4 hours, and protecting the oesophagus from acid, pepsin and bile. In severe cases the raft itself may be refluxed into the oesophagus, in preference to the stomach contents, and exert a demulcent effect. In addition in vitro evidence has shown that the raft has a secondary action and is able to entrap bile and pepsin within it structure, further protecting the oesophagus from these gastric components
Calcium carbonate neutralises gastric acid to provide fast relief from indigestion and heartburn. This effect is increased by the addition of sodium bicarbonate which also has a neutralising action. The total neutralising capacity of the product at the lowest dose of two tablets is approximately 10mEqH+.
The mode of action of the medicinal product is physical and does not depend on absorption into the systemic circulation.
No pre-clinical findings of any relevance to the prescriber have been reported.
No special requirements.