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Components:
Vismodegib
Method of action:
Medically reviewed by Fedorchenko Olga Valeryevna, Pharmacy-Provisor. Last updated on 2020.02.22

Qualitative and quantitative composition

Dosage Forms And Strengths

ERIVEDGE (vismodegib) capsules, 150 mg. The capsule has a pink opaque body and a grey opaque cap, with “150 mg” printed on the capsule body and “VISMO” printed on the capsule cap in black ink.

Storage And Handling

Each ERIVEDGE (vismodegib) capsule has a pink opaque body and a grey opaque cap with “150 mg” printed on the capsule body and “VISMO” printed on the capsule cap in black ink. ERIVEDGE capsules are available in bottles of 28 capsules (NDC 50242-140-01).

Store at room temperature 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F); excursions permitted between 15°C to 30°C (59°F to 86°F).

Keep the bottle tightly closed in order to protect from moisture.

Manufactured by: Patheon, Inc., Mississauga, Canada. Distributed by: Genentech USA, Inc. A Member of the Roche Group 1 DNA Way South San Francisco, CA 94080-4990. Revised: 2017

Therapeutic indications

ERIVEDGE capsule is indicated for the treatment of adults with metastatic basal cell carcinoma, or with locally advanced basal cell carcinoma that has recurred following surgery or who are not candidates for surgery, and who are not candidates for radiation.

Dosage (Posology) and method of administration

The recommended dose of ERIVEDGE is 150 mg taken orally once daily until disease progression or until unacceptable toxicity.

ERIVEDGE may be taken with or without food. Swallow capsules whole. Do not open or crush capsules.

If a dose of ERIVEDGE is missed, do not make up that dose; resume dosing with the next scheduled dose.

Contraindications

None.

Special warnings and precautions for use

WARNINGS

Included as part of the PRECAUTIONS section.

PRECAUTIONS

Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

Based on its mechanism of action, ERIVEDGE can cause embryo-fetal death or severe birth defects when administered to a pregnant woman. In animal reproduction studies, vismodegib was embryotoxic, fetotoxic, and teratogenic at maternal exposures lower than the human exposures at the recommended dose of 150 mg/day.

Verify the pregnancy status of females of reproductive potential within 7 days prior to initiating ERIVEDGE therapy. Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during therapy with ERIVEDGE and for 24 months after the final dose. Advise male patients to use condoms, even after a vasectomy, to avoid potential drug exposure in pregnant partners and female partners of reproductive potential during therapy and for 3 months after the final dose of ERIVEDGE. Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus.

Blood Donation

Advise patients not to donate blood or blood products while receiving ERIVEDGE and for 24 months after the final dose of ERIVEDGE.

Semen Donation

Vismodegib is present in semen. It is not known if the amount of vismodegib in semen can cause embryo-fetal harm. Advise male patients not to donate semen during and for 3 months after the final dose of ERIVEDGE .

Premature Fusion Of The Epiphyses

Premature fusion of the epiphyses has been reported in pediatric patients exposed to ERIVEDGE. In some cases, fusion progressed after drug discontinuation.

Patient Counseling Information

See FDA-approved patient labeling (Medication Guide).

Administration Instructions
  • Advise patients to swallow ERIVEDGE capsules whole and not to crush or open the capsules.
Embryo-Fetal Toxicity
  • Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus .
  • Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during therapy with and for 24 months after the final dose of ERIVEDGE.
  • Advise males, even those with prior vasectomy, to use condoms to avoid potential drug exposure in both pregnant partners and female partners of reproductive potential during therapy with and for 3 months after the final dose of ERIVEDGE.
  • Advise female patients and female partners of male patients to contact their healthcare provider with a known or suspected pregnancy. Report pregnancies to Genentech at 1-888-835-2555.
Semen Donation
  • Advise males not to donate semen during therapy with and for 3 months after the final dose of ERIVEDGE.
Lactation
  • Advise women that breastfeeding is not recommended during therapy with ERIVEDGE and for 24 months after the final dose.
Blood Donation
  • Advise patients not to donate blood or blood products while taking ERIVEDGE and for 24 months after the final dose of ERIVEDGE.
Premature Fusion Of The Epiphyses
  • Advise patients and caregivers that premature fusion of the epiphyses has been reported in pediatric patients exposed to ERIVEDGE. In some cases, fusion progressed after drug discontinuation.

Nonclinical Toxicology

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment Of Fertility

Carcinogenicity studies were performed in mice and rats. No carcinogenic potential was identified in either species.Vismodegib was not mutagenic in the in vitro bacterial reverse mutation (Ames) assay and was not clastogenic in the in vitro human chromosomal aberration assay in human peripheral blood lymphocytes or in the in vivo rat bone marrow micronucleus assay.

In a dedicated 26-week rat fertility study, no effects on male reproductive organs or fertility endpoints were observed at vismodegib doses of 100 mg/kg/day (approximately 1.3-times the steady-state AUC0-24h at the recommended human dose) either at the end of dosing or following a 16 week recovery phase. While there were increased numbers of degenerating germ cells and hypospermia in sexually immature dogs observed at ≥ 50 mg/kg/day in the 4-week general toxicity study, there were no effects on male reproductive organs in sexually mature rats and dogs, in the vismodegib general toxicity studies of up to 26-weeks.

In a female fertility study, treatment of rats with vismodegib at 100 mg/kg/day (approximately 1.2fold of the steady-state AUC0-24h at the recommended human dose) for 26-weeks prior to mating resulted in decreased implantations, increased percent preimplantation loss, and decreased numbers of dams with viable embryos. No vismodegib-related changes in fertility were observed following a 16-week recovery period. In a 26-week general toxicity study in rats, decreased numbers of corpora lutea were observed at 100 mg/kg/day; the effect was not reversed by the end of an 8-week recovery period.

Use In Specific Populations

Pregnancy

Risk Summary

Based on its mechanism of action and animal reproduction studies, ERIVEDGE can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman . In animal reproduction studies, oral administration of vismodegib during organogenesis at doses below the recommended human dose resulted in embryotoxicity, fetotoxicity, and teratogenicity in rats. There are no human data on the use of ERIVEDGE in pregnant women. Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus. Report pregnancies to Genentech at 1-888-835-2555.

The background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population is unknown. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2-4% and 15-20%, respectively.

Data

Animal Data

In an embryo-fetal developmental toxicity study, pregnant rats were administered vismodegib orally at doses of 10, 60, or 300 mg/kg/day during the period of organogenesis. Pre-and post-implantation loss were increased at doses of ≥ 60 mg/kg/day (approximately ≥ 2 times the systemic exposure (AUC) in patients at the recommended human dose), which included early resorption of 100% of the fetuses. A dose of 10 mg/kg/day (approximately 0.2 times the AUC in patients at the recommended dose) resulted in malformations (including missing and/or fused digits, open perineum and craniofacial anomalies) and retardations or variations (including dilated renal pelvis, dilated ureter, and incompletely or unossified sternal elements, centra of vertebrae, or proximal phalanges and claws).

Lactation

No data are available regarding the presence of vismodegib in human milk, the effects of the drug on the breastfed infant, or the effects of the drug on milk production. Because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in breastfed infants from ERIVEDGE, advise a nursing woman that breastfeeding is not recommended during therapy with ERIVEDGE and for 24 months after the final dose.

Females And Males Of Reproductive Potential

Pregnancy Testing

Verify the pregnancy status of females of reproductive potential within 7 days prior to initiating ERIVEDGE therapy.

Contraception

Females

Based on its mechanism of action and animal data, ERIVEDGE can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during therapy and for 24 months after the final dose of ERIVEDGE.

Males

Vismodegib is present in semen. It is not known if the amount of vismodegib in semen can cause embryo-fetal harm. Advise male patients to use condoms, even after a vasectomy, to avoid drug exposure to pregnant partners and female partners of reproductive potential during therapy with and for 3 months after the final dose of ERIVEDGE. Advise males of the potential risk to an embryo or fetus if a female partner of reproductive potential is exposed to ERIVEDGE. Advise males not to donate semen during therapy with and for 3 months after the final dose of ERIVEDGE.

Infertility

Females Amenorrhea can occur in females of reproductive potential. Reversibility of amenorrhea is unknown.

Pediatric Use

The safety and effectiveness of ERIVEDGE capsule have not been established in pediatric patients.

Premature fusion of the epiphyses has been reported in pediatric patients exposed to ERIVEDGE. In some cases, fusion progressed after drug discontinuation..

In repeat-dose toxicology studies in rats, administration of oral vismodegib resulted in toxicities in bone and teeth. Effects on bone consisted of closure of the epiphyseal growth plate when oral vismodegib was administered for 26 weeks at ≥ 50 mg/kg/day (approximately ≥ 0.4 times the systemic exposure (AUC) in patients at the recommended human dose). Abnormalities in growing incisor teeth (including degeneration/necrosis of odontoblasts, formation of fluid-filled cysts in the dental pulp, ossification of the root canal, and hemorrhage resulting in breakage or loss of teeth) were observed after administration of oral vismodegib at ≥ 15 mg/kg/day (approximately ≥ 0.2 times the AUC in patients at the recommended human dose).

Geriatric Use

Clinical studies of ERIVEDGE capsule did not include sufficient numbers of patients aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger patients.

Hepatic Impairment

No dose adjustment is required in patients with hepatic impairment.

Renal Impairment

No dose adjustment is required in patients with renal impairment.

Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction

SIDE EFFECTS

Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice.

ERIVEDGE capsule was administered as monotherapy at doses ≥ 150 mg orally daily in four open-label, uncontrolled, dose-ranging or fixed single dose clinical trials enrolling a total of 138 patients with advanced basal cell carcinoma (BCC). The median age of these patients was 61 years (range 21 to 101), 100% were White (including Hispanics), and 64% were male. The median duration of treatment was approximately 10 months (305 days; range 0.7 to 36 months); 111 patients received ERIVEDGE for 6 months or longer.

The most common adverse reactions (≥ 10%) were muscle spasms, alopecia, dysgeusia, weight loss, fatigue, nausea, diarrhea, decreased appetite, constipation, arthralgias, vomiting, and ageusia (Table 1).

Table 1: Adverse Reactions Occurring in ≥ 10% of Advanced BCC Patients

MedDRA Preferred Term2 All aBCC1 Patients
(N = 138)
All Grades3 (%) Grade 3 (%) Grade 4 (%)
Gastrointestinal disorders
  Nausea 42 (30.4%) 1 (0.7%) -
  Diarrhea 40 (29.0%) 1 (0.7%) -
  Constipation 29 (21.0%) - -
  Vomiting 19 (13.8%) - -
General disorders and administration site conditions
  Fatigue 55 (39.9%) 7 (5.1%) 1 (0.7%)
Investigations
  Weight loss 62 (44.9%) 10 (7.2%) -
Metabolism and nutrition disorders
  Decreased appetite 35 (25.4%) 3 (2.2%) -
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders
  Muscle spasms 99 (71.7%) 5 (3.6%) -
  Arthralgias 22 (15.9%) 1 (0.7%)
Nervous system disorders
  Dysgeusia 76 (55.1%) - -
  Ageusia 15 (10.9%) - -
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders
  Alopecia 88 (63.8%) - -
1aBCC = Advanced Basal Cell Carcinoma.
2MedDRA = Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities.
3Grading according to NCI-CTCAE v3.0.

Amenorrhea

In clinical trials, a total of 3 of 10 pre-menopausal women developed amenorrhea while receiving ERIVEDGE.

Laboratory Abnormalities

Treatment-emergent Grade 3 laboratory abnormalities observed in clinical trials were hyponatremia in 6 patients (4%), hypokalemia in 2 patients (1%), and azotemia in 3 patients (2%).

Additionally, in a post-approval clinical trial conducted in 1232 patients with locally advanced or metastatic BCC treated with ERIVEDGE, a subset of 29 patients had baseline values for CPK reported. Within the subset of patients, 38% had a shift from baseline, and one of the patients had a Grade 3 value. The prevalence of Grade 3/4 CPK elevation across the entire study population with any CPK measurement was 2.4% (11 out of 453 patients).

Postmarketing Experience

The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of ERIVEDGE. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

Musculoskeletal And Connective Tissue Disorders

Premature fusion of the epiphyses.

Investigations

blood creatine phosphokinase increased

DRUG INTERACTIONS

Clinically relevant pharmacokinetic interactions are not expected between vismodegib and a substrate, inducer or inhibitor of cytochrome 450 enzymes or an inhibitor of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) or between vismodegib and gastric pH elevating agents.

Fertility, pregnancy and lactation

Risk Summary

Based on its mechanism of action and animal reproduction studies, ERIVEDGE can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman . In animal reproduction studies, oral administration of vismodegib during organogenesis at doses below the recommended human dose resulted in embryotoxicity, fetotoxicity, and teratogenicity in rats. There are no human data on the use of ERIVEDGE in pregnant women. Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus. Report pregnancies to Genentech at 1-888-835-2555.

The background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population is unknown. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2-4% and 15-20%, respectively.

Data

Animal Data

In an embryo-fetal developmental toxicity study, pregnant rats were administered vismodegib orally at doses of 10, 60, or 300 mg/kg/day during the period of organogenesis. Pre-and post-implantation loss were increased at doses of ≥ 60 mg/kg/day (approximately ≥ 2 times the systemic exposure (AUC) in patients at the recommended human dose), which included early resorption of 100% of the fetuses. A dose of 10 mg/kg/day (approximately 0.2 times the AUC in patients at the recommended dose) resulted in malformations (including missing and/or fused digits, open perineum and craniofacial anomalies) and retardations or variations (including dilated renal pelvis, dilated ureter, and incompletely or unossified sternal elements, centra of vertebrae, or proximal phalanges and claws).

Undesirable effects

Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice.

ERIVEDGE capsule was administered as monotherapy at doses ≥ 150 mg orally daily in four open-label, uncontrolled, dose-ranging or fixed single dose clinical trials enrolling a total of 138 patients with advanced basal cell carcinoma (BCC). The median age of these patients was 61 years (range 21 to 101), 100% were White (including Hispanics), and 64% were male. The median duration of treatment was approximately 10 months (305 days; range 0.7 to 36 months); 111 patients received ERIVEDGE for 6 months or longer.

The most common adverse reactions (≥ 10%) were muscle spasms, alopecia, dysgeusia, weight loss, fatigue, nausea, diarrhea, decreased appetite, constipation, arthralgias, vomiting, and ageusia (Table 1).

Table 1: Adverse Reactions Occurring in ≥ 10% of Advanced BCC Patients

MedDRA Preferred Term2 All aBCC1 Patients
(N = 138)
All Grades3 (%) Grade 3 (%) Grade 4 (%)
Gastrointestinal disorders
  Nausea 42 (30.4%) 1 (0.7%) -
  Diarrhea 40 (29.0%) 1 (0.7%) -
  Constipation 29 (21.0%) - -
  Vomiting 19 (13.8%) - -
General disorders and administration site conditions
  Fatigue 55 (39.9%) 7 (5.1%) 1 (0.7%)
Investigations
  Weight loss 62 (44.9%) 10 (7.2%) -
Metabolism and nutrition disorders
  Decreased appetite 35 (25.4%) 3 (2.2%) -
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders
  Muscle spasms 99 (71.7%) 5 (3.6%) -
  Arthralgias 22 (15.9%) 1 (0.7%)
Nervous system disorders
  Dysgeusia 76 (55.1%) - -
  Ageusia 15 (10.9%) - -
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders
  Alopecia 88 (63.8%) - -
1aBCC = Advanced Basal Cell Carcinoma.
2MedDRA = Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities.
3Grading according to NCI-CTCAE v3.0.

Amenorrhea

In clinical trials, a total of 3 of 10 pre-menopausal women developed amenorrhea while receiving ERIVEDGE.

Laboratory Abnormalities

Treatment-emergent Grade 3 laboratory abnormalities observed in clinical trials were hyponatremia in 6 patients (4%), hypokalemia in 2 patients (1%), and azotemia in 3 patients (2%).

Additionally, in a post-approval clinical trial conducted in 1232 patients with locally advanced or metastatic BCC treated with ERIVEDGE, a subset of 29 patients had baseline values for CPK reported. Within the subset of patients, 38% had a shift from baseline, and one of the patients had a Grade 3 value. The prevalence of Grade 3/4 CPK elevation across the entire study population with any CPK measurement was 2.4% (11 out of 453 patients).

Postmarketing Experience

The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of ERIVEDGE. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

Musculoskeletal And Connective Tissue Disorders

Premature fusion of the epiphyses.

Investigations

blood creatine phosphokinase increased

Overdose

There is no information on overdosage in humans. In clinical trials, ERIVEDGE capsule was administered at 540 mg orally once daily; exposure did not increase between 150 mg and 540 mg daily.

Pharmacodynamic properties

Cardiac Electrophysiology

The QTc interval was not affected by therapeutic doses of ERIVEDGE in a thorough QTc trial.

Pharmacokinetic properties

Absorption

The single dose absolute bioavailability of vismodegib is 31.8%. Absorption is saturable as evidenced by the lack of dose proportional increase in exposure after a single dose of 270 mg or 540 mg vismodegib. ERIVEDGE capsule may be taken without regard to meals because the systemic exposure of vismodegib at steady state is not affected by food.

Distribution

The volume of distribution of vismodegib ranges from 16.4 to 26.6 L. Vismodegib plasma protein binding in patients is greater than 99%. Vismodegib binds to both human serum albumin and alpha-1-acid glycoprotein (AAG) and binding to AAG is saturable.

In a pharmacokinetic study, male patients (n=3) had an average concentration of vismodegib in semen on day 8 that was 6.5% of the average steady state concentration (Css) observed in plasma.

Metabolism

Greater than 98% of the total circulating drug-related components are the parent drug. Metabolic pathways of vismodegib in humans include oxidation, glucuronidation, and pyridine ring cleavage. The two most abundant oxidative metabolites recovered in feces are produced in vitro by recombinant CYP2C9 and CYP3A4/5.

Elimination

Vismodegib and its metabolites are eliminated primarily by the hepatic route with 82% of the administered dose recovered in the feces and 4.4% recovered in urine. The estimated elimination half-life (t½) of vismodegib is 4 days after continuous once-daily dosing and 12 days after a single dose.

Date of revision of the text

2017
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