Components:
Methoxsalen
Methoxsalen
Method of action:
Antipsoriatic, Hypopigmentation Agent, Photosensitizing
Antipsoriatic, Hypopigmentation Agent, Photosensitizing
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Name of the medicinal product

8-MOP

Qualitative and quantitative composition

Methoxsalen

Therapeutic indications

The information provided in Therapeutic indications of 8-MOP is based on data of another medicine with exactly the same composition as the 8-MOP of the medicine (Methoxsalen). Be careful and be sure to specify the information on the section Therapeutic indications in the instructions to the drug 8-MOP directly from the package or from the pharmacist at the pharmacy.
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As a topical repigmenting agent in vitiligo in conjunction with controlled doses of ultraviolet A (320- 400 nm) or sunlight.

Dosage (Posology) and method of administration

The information provided in Dosage (Posology) and method of administration of 8-MOP is based on data of another medicine with exactly the same composition as the 8-MOP of the medicine (Methoxsalen). Be careful and be sure to specify the information on the section Dosage (Posology) and method of administration in the instructions to the drug 8-MOP directly from the package or from the pharmacist at the pharmacy.
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Administration

8-MOP Lotion is applied to a well-defined area of vitiligo by the physician and the area is then exposed to a suitable credit of UVA. Initial exposure time should be conservative and not exceed that which is predicted to be one-half the minimal erythema dose. Treatment intervals should be regulated by the erythema response; generally once a week is recommended or less often depending on results. The hands and fingers of the person applying the medication should be protected by gloves or finger cots to avoid photosensitization and possible burns.

Pigmentation may begin after a few weeks but significant repigmentation may require 6 to 9 months of treatment. Periodic re-treatment may be necessary to retain all of the new pigment. Idiopathic vitiligo is reversible but not equally reversible in every patient. Treatment must be individualized. Repigmentation will vary in completeness, time of onset, and duration. Repigmentation occurs more rapidly in fleshy areas such as face, abdomen, and buttocks and less rapidly over less fleshy areas such as the dorsum of the hands or feet.

Contraindications

The information provided in Contraindications of 8-MOP is based on data of another medicine with exactly the same composition as the 8-MOP of the medicine (Methoxsalen). Be careful and be sure to specify the information on the section Contraindications in the instructions to the drug 8-MOP directly from the package or from the pharmacist at the pharmacy.
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  1. Patients exhibiting idiosyncratic reactions to psoralen compounds or a history of sensitivity reactions to them.
  2. Patients exhibiting melanoma or with a history of melanoma.
  3. Patients exhibiting invasive skin carcinoma generally.
  4. Patients with photosensitivity diseases such as porphyria, acute lupus erythematosus, xeroderma pigmentosum, etc.
  5. Children under 12 since clinical studies to determine the efficacy and safety of treatment in this age group have not been done.

Special warnings and precautions for use

The information provided in Special warnings and precautions for use of 8-MOP is based on data of another medicine with exactly the same composition as the 8-MOP of the medicine (Methoxsalen). Be careful and be sure to specify the information on the section Special warnings and precautions for use in the instructions to the drug 8-MOP directly from the package or from the pharmacist at the pharmacy.
more... close

WARNINGS

Skin Burns

Serious skin burns from either UVA or sunlight (even through window glass) can result if recommended exposure schedule is exceeded and/or protective covering or sunscreens are not used. The blistering of the skin sometimes encountered after UV exposure generally heals without complication or scarring. (Farrington Daniels, Jr., M.D., personal communication). Suitable covering of the area of application or a topical sunblock should follow the therapeutic UVA exposure.

Carcinogenicity

Animal Studies

Topical methoxsalen has been reported to be a potent photocarcinogen in certain strains of mice. (Pathak et al 1959)5.

Human Studies

None of our clinical investigators reported skin cancer as a complication of topical treatment for vitiligo. However, it is recommended that caution be exercised when the patient is fair-skinned, has a history of prior coal tar UV treatment, or has had ionizing radiation or taken arsenical compounds. Such patients who subsequently have oral psoralen – UVA treatment (PUVA) are at increased risk for developing skin cancer.

Concomitant Therapy

Special care should be exercised in treating patients who are receiving concomitant therapy (either topically or systemically) with known photosensitizing agents such as anthralin, coal tar or coal tar derivatives, griseofulvin, phenothiazines, nalidixic acid, halogenated salicylanilides (bacteriostatic soaps), sulfonamides, tetracyclines, thiazides and certain organic staining dyes such as methylene blue, toluidine blue, rose bengal, and methyl orange.

REFERENCES

5. Pathak, M.A.; Daniels, F.; Hopkins, C.E.; Fitzpatrick, T.B.: Ultraviolet carcinogenesis in albino and pigmented mice receiving furocoumarins: psoralens and 8-methoxypsoralen, Nature, 183, pp. 728-730 (1959).

PRECAUTIONS

This product should be applied only in small well-defined lesions and preferably on lesions which can be protected by clothing or a sunscreen from subsequent exposure to radiant UVA. If this product is used to treat vitiligo of face or hands, be very emphatic when instructing patient to keep the treated areas protected from light by use of protective clothing or sunscreening agents. The area of application may be highly photosensitive for several days and may result in severe burn injury if exposed to additional UV or sunlight.

Carcinogenesis

See WARNING Section.

Pregnancy Category C

Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with topical methoxsalen. It is also not known whether methoxsalen can cause fetal harm when used topically on a pregnant woman or affect reproductive capacity. It is not known to what degree, if any, topical methoxsalen is absorbed systemically. Topical methoxsalen should be used in women only when clearly indicated.

Nursing Mothers

It is not known whether topical methoxsalen is absorbed or excreted in human milk. Caution is advised when topical methoxsalen is used in a nursing mother.

Pediatric Usage

Safety and effectiveness in children below the age of 12 years have not been established.

Undesirable effects

The information provided in Undesirable effects of 8-MOP is based on data of another medicine with exactly the same composition as the 8-MOP of the medicine (Methoxsalen). Be careful and be sure to specify the information on the section Undesirable effects in the instructions to the drug 8-MOP directly from the package or from the pharmacist at the pharmacy.
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Systemic adverse reactions have not been reported. The most common adverse reaction is severe burns of the treated area from overexposure to UVA, including sunlight. TREATMENT MUST BE INDIVIDUALIZED. Minor blistering of the skin is not a contraindication to further treatment and generally heals without incident. Treatment would be the standard for burn therapy. Since 1953, many studies have demonstrated the safety and effectiveness of topical methoxsalen and UVA for the treatment of vitiligo when used as directed. (Lerner, A.B., et al, 1953)6 (Fitzpatrick, T.B., et al, 1966)7 (Fulton, James F. et al, 1969)8

Overdose

The information provided in Overdose of 8-MOP is based on data of another medicine with exactly the same composition as the 8-MOP of the medicine (Methoxsalen). Be careful and be sure to specify the information on the section Overdose in the instructions to the drug 8-MOP directly from the package or from the pharmacist at the pharmacy.
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This does not apply to topical usage. In the unlikely event that the lotion is ingested, standard procedures for poisoning should be followed, including gastric lavage. Protection from UVA or daylight for hours or days would also be necessary. The patient should be kept in a darkened room.

Name of the medicinal product
8-MOP
Qualitative and quantitative composition
Methoxsalen
Therapeutic indications
The information provided in Therapeutic indications of 8-MOP is based on data of another medicine with exactly the same composition as the 8-MOP of the medicine (Methoxsalen). Be careful and be sure to specify the information on the section Therapeutic indications in the instructions to the drug 8-MOP directly from the package or from the pharmacist at the pharmacy.
more... close

As a topical repigmenting agent in vitiligo in conjunction with controlled doses of ultraviolet A (320- 400 nm) or sunlight.

Dosage (Posology) and method of administration
The information provided in Dosage (Posology) and method of administration of 8-MOP is based on data of another medicine with exactly the same composition as the 8-MOP of the medicine (Methoxsalen). Be careful and be sure to specify the information on the section Dosage (Posology) and method of administration in the instructions to the drug 8-MOP directly from the package or from the pharmacist at the pharmacy.
more... close

Administration

8-MOP Lotion is applied to a well-defined area of vitiligo by the physician and the area is then exposed to a suitable credit of UVA. Initial exposure time should be conservative and not exceed that which is predicted to be one-half the minimal erythema dose. Treatment intervals should be regulated by the erythema response; generally once a week is recommended or less often depending on results. The hands and fingers of the person applying the medication should be protected by gloves or finger cots to avoid photosensitization and possible burns.

Pigmentation may begin after a few weeks but significant repigmentation may require 6 to 9 months of treatment. Periodic re-treatment may be necessary to retain all of the new pigment. Idiopathic vitiligo is reversible but not equally reversible in every patient. Treatment must be individualized. Repigmentation will vary in completeness, time of onset, and duration. Repigmentation occurs more rapidly in fleshy areas such as face, abdomen, and buttocks and less rapidly over less fleshy areas such as the dorsum of the hands or feet.

Contraindications
The information provided in Contraindications of 8-MOP is based on data of another medicine with exactly the same composition as the 8-MOP of the medicine (Methoxsalen). Be careful and be sure to specify the information on the section Contraindications in the instructions to the drug 8-MOP directly from the package or from the pharmacist at the pharmacy.
more... close
  1. Patients exhibiting idiosyncratic reactions to psoralen compounds or a history of sensitivity reactions to them.
  2. Patients exhibiting melanoma or with a history of melanoma.
  3. Patients exhibiting invasive skin carcinoma generally.
  4. Patients with photosensitivity diseases such as porphyria, acute lupus erythematosus, xeroderma pigmentosum, etc.
  5. Children under 12 since clinical studies to determine the efficacy and safety of treatment in this age group have not been done.
Special warnings and precautions for use
The information provided in Special warnings and precautions for use of 8-MOP is based on data of another medicine with exactly the same composition as the 8-MOP of the medicine (Methoxsalen). Be careful and be sure to specify the information on the section Special warnings and precautions for use in the instructions to the drug 8-MOP directly from the package or from the pharmacist at the pharmacy.
more... close

WARNINGS

Skin Burns

Serious skin burns from either UVA or sunlight (even through window glass) can result if recommended exposure schedule is exceeded and/or protective covering or sunscreens are not used. The blistering of the skin sometimes encountered after UV exposure generally heals without complication or scarring. (Farrington Daniels, Jr., M.D., personal communication). Suitable covering of the area of application or a topical sunblock should follow the therapeutic UVA exposure.

Carcinogenicity

Animal Studies

Topical methoxsalen has been reported to be a potent photocarcinogen in certain strains of mice. (Pathak et al 1959)5.

Human Studies

None of our clinical investigators reported skin cancer as a complication of topical treatment for vitiligo. However, it is recommended that caution be exercised when the patient is fair-skinned, has a history of prior coal tar UV treatment, or has had ionizing radiation or taken arsenical compounds. Such patients who subsequently have oral psoralen – UVA treatment (PUVA) are at increased risk for developing skin cancer.

Concomitant Therapy

Special care should be exercised in treating patients who are receiving concomitant therapy (either topically or systemically) with known photosensitizing agents such as anthralin, coal tar or coal tar derivatives, griseofulvin, phenothiazines, nalidixic acid, halogenated salicylanilides (bacteriostatic soaps), sulfonamides, tetracyclines, thiazides and certain organic staining dyes such as methylene blue, toluidine blue, rose bengal, and methyl orange.

REFERENCES

5. Pathak, M.A.; Daniels, F.; Hopkins, C.E.; Fitzpatrick, T.B.: Ultraviolet carcinogenesis in albino and pigmented mice receiving furocoumarins: psoralens and 8-methoxypsoralen, Nature, 183, pp. 728-730 (1959).

PRECAUTIONS

This product should be applied only in small well-defined lesions and preferably on lesions which can be protected by clothing or a sunscreen from subsequent exposure to radiant UVA. If this product is used to treat vitiligo of face or hands, be very emphatic when instructing patient to keep the treated areas protected from light by use of protective clothing or sunscreening agents. The area of application may be highly photosensitive for several days and may result in severe burn injury if exposed to additional UV or sunlight.

Carcinogenesis

See WARNING Section.

Pregnancy Category C

Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with topical methoxsalen. It is also not known whether methoxsalen can cause fetal harm when used topically on a pregnant woman or affect reproductive capacity. It is not known to what degree, if any, topical methoxsalen is absorbed systemically. Topical methoxsalen should be used in women only when clearly indicated.

Nursing Mothers

It is not known whether topical methoxsalen is absorbed or excreted in human milk. Caution is advised when topical methoxsalen is used in a nursing mother.

Pediatric Usage

Safety and effectiveness in children below the age of 12 years have not been established.

Undesirable effects
The information provided in Undesirable effects of 8-MOP is based on data of another medicine with exactly the same composition as the 8-MOP of the medicine (Methoxsalen). Be careful and be sure to specify the information on the section Undesirable effects in the instructions to the drug 8-MOP directly from the package or from the pharmacist at the pharmacy.
more... close

Systemic adverse reactions have not been reported. The most common adverse reaction is severe burns of the treated area from overexposure to UVA, including sunlight. TREATMENT MUST BE INDIVIDUALIZED. Minor blistering of the skin is not a contraindication to further treatment and generally heals without incident. Treatment would be the standard for burn therapy. Since 1953, many studies have demonstrated the safety and effectiveness of topical methoxsalen and UVA for the treatment of vitiligo when used as directed. (Lerner, A.B., et al, 1953)6 (Fitzpatrick, T.B., et al, 1966)7 (Fulton, James F. et al, 1969)8

Overdose
The information provided in Overdose of 8-MOP is based on data of another medicine with exactly the same composition as the 8-MOP of the medicine (Methoxsalen). Be careful and be sure to specify the information on the section Overdose in the instructions to the drug 8-MOP directly from the package or from the pharmacist at the pharmacy.
more... close

This does not apply to topical usage. In the unlikely event that the lotion is ingested, standard procedures for poisoning should be followed, including gastric lavage. Protection from UVA or daylight for hours or days would also be necessary. The patient should be kept in a darkened room.

Available in countries
See all
close